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SANE Viscera-3™ Reviews: Does this Postbiotic Supplement Work?

SANE Viscera-3 Reviews

 

Viscera-3™ users are raving about this groundbreaking postbiotics supplement. They’ve even taken the time to write glowing Viscera-3™ reviews. 

Here’s a Typical Viscera-3 Review:

 

“After ten years of dealing with stomach issues, and trying several products,  I was hopeful that Viscera-3TM would help with my painful gas and bloating.  My mother, who suffers from ulcerative colitis, complained constantly of her stomach being swollen and bloated. I decided that if it worked for me, it could be an option for her.

 

I was happily surprised that after only 3 days, I experienced relief!  My stomach is now flat again and I no longer experience any issues with gas and bloating.

 

 For anyone thinking about trying Viscera-3TM, try it and give it a chance to work; even though I found relief in 3 days, that may not be typical so give it time. Thank you SANE for making a product at a reasonable price that actually works!”

 

-Tanya S

How Does Viscera-3 Work?

SANE Viscera-3™ works by transporting butyrate to the lower colon. Butyrate, a short-chain fatty acid,  is one of the most studied postbiotic metabolites and one that may provide the most gut health benefits. Research also indicates that butyrate may supply a host of other health benefits, including a slimmer gut!

 

Viscera-3™ also contains 4 other natural nutrients clinically shown to support gut and overall health. 

 

What is a Postbiotic?

 

Postbiotics are the “waste products” of intestinal fermentation of resistant starches, aka fiber, in the lower colon. 

 

You are probably much more familiar with probiotics and prebiotics than you are with postbiotics. In fact, it’s likely that “postbiotics” is a new term for you. 

 

However, research reveals that postbiotics may be responsible for most of the health benefits commonly attributed to fiber intake.

 

Here’s a brief review of the relationship among probiotics, prebiotics and postbiotics. 

 

Viscera-3 Reviews

 

Probiotics

 

Probiotics are beneficial bacteria and other microorganisms living in your digestive tract. These bacteria break down foods in your gut, extract nutrients from these foods, and perform many other tasks. 

Beneficial bacteria are crucial to maintaining a proper balance of good and bad bacteria. If you don’t have enough good bacteria in your gut, bad bacteria would overrun the system and lead to health issues. 

You can increase good bacteria in your gut by taking probiotic supplements or by eating probiotic foods, such as sauerkraut or yogurt.

 

Viscera-3 Reviews

Prebiotics

 

Prebiotics are fibers (resistant starches) that beneficial bacteria need to survive and thrive. 

The preferred way to feed your good gut bacteria is to eat plenty of fiber foods, such as non-starchy vegetables and whole grains. You can also take fiber supplements, which are often found in both powder and pill forms.

The problem with eating a large amount of fiber, however, is that it can create excessive gas. This is likely if you suddenly increase your fiber intake. The gas comes from bacterial fermentation of fiber in your lower colon. 

And this leads us to a discussion of postbiotics.

 

Postbiotics

Postbiotics are the waste products of bacterial fermentation of fiber. In other words, when bacteria ferment (eat) fiber, they “poop” out postbiotic metabolites.

 

These postbiotics were once considered true waste products that offered no value to human health. In the past few years, however, research suggests that postbiotics are essential to health and wellness. More than 22,000 postbiotic metabolites including butyrate have been identified in scientific literature1. 

 

As previously mentioned, studies suggest that butyrate may provide a wide variety of mental, emotional, and physical health benefits. And thousands of Viscera-3™ users attest to the health benefits of butyrate. 

 

Viscera-3™ Reviews

 

Here are a few 5-star Viscera-3 reviews:

 

★★★★★

 

“Thank you guys for creating this! It really has been a godsend as someone who has always had belly issues. Gas, bloating, diarrhea…even the worst…having to change my underwear in the middle of the day – you name it, I have dealt with it. 

 

I still get gas from time to time, but I really don’t have to be as selective with what I eat anymore and it’s allowed me to add more greens to my diet which has helped me with other health issues. I really can say I do feel lighter and less constricted since I no longer struggle with constipation.“

 

-Robert W

 

★★★★★

 

“I know it’s a sensitive thing to talk about this, but after just three days, I think, of taking Viscera-3 I saw a pretty big difference in the toilet. I won’t go into too much detail but it’s safe to say it’s much more solid and it seems to be very regular and at the same time each morning. 

 

Before taking Viscera-3 it was definitely not as solid and I would have multiple trips to the bathroom in the day.”

 

-Timothy S

 

★★★★★

 

“At 64 I have suffered from digestion issues for years, especially if I ate too many greens, like spinach or even beans. I would get really painful bloating and constipation. It really makes sense when you talk about how things actually ferment in your gut. It’s not fun. 

 

I have tried everything, and nothing has done what Viscera-3™ has done. I can finally get my greens in without worry about the pain and gas. I have finally talked my wife into trying it and I am more than happy to report her gas is also much reduced. It has made our house a more pleasant place.”

 

-John K

 

★★★★★

 

“I never thought I would fall in love with a supplement this quickly but boy Viscera-3™ is the real deal and I swear by it every day. 

 

I used to have a pretty loud belly and have been known for bad painful gas. Not pleasant! Viscera-3™ has made such a big difference. Far less bloating and gas has reduced quite a bit. Hard to explain but I feel lighter.”

 

-Abigale

 

★★★★★

 

“Thank you thank you thank you! I finally know what it’s like to have a healthy gut. Less bloating and gas, more regular and totally solid poops. Such a funny thing to get excited about but it’s true. Really a remarkable product that has given me so much of my life back.”

 

-Stacy W

 

Health Benefits of Butyrate in Viscera-3

 

Here are just a few of the numerous health benefits of the butyrate in Viscera-3™. 

 

Improves Gut Health

 

Multiple research studies suggest that butyrate may improve gut health. A large number of people routinely suffer from digestive problems or digestive diseases.

 

Consider this: the National Institute of Health reports that up to 70 million people in the US suffer from at least one digestive disease.2 Some of the most common digestive diseases include chronic constipation, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and diverticular disease.

 

According to a 2013 study, butyrate can reduce the hypersensitivity of intestinal receptors, resulting in a decrease of pressure inside the intestines, thus reducing the pain and bloating of IBS.3 

 

Butyrate can also ease constipation by helping the bowel muscles contract and retract properly.4 It also supports the health of the cells that line the intestine and reduces intestinal inflammation, easing the pain and digestive symptoms of IBS.5, 6, 7  Although these studies focus on IBS…the results can apply to other gastrointestinal complaints.

 

leaky gut

Defends Against Leaky Gut Syndrome

 

Studies indicate that butyrate may also help fix leaky gut, a condition that plagues so many people. Leaky gut syndrome is a condition in which your gut barrier is weakened or damaged. allowing toxins and other harmful substances to enter your bloodstream.

 

Leaky gut can lead to digestive health problems, weight gain, depression, anxiety, type 2 diabetes, and much more. Butyrate has been shown to repair and strengthen the intestinal lining, reducing your risk of leaky gut syndrome.8 Butyrate can also help prevent leaky gut by reducing gut inflammation, a major risk factor for leaky gut.

 

May Decrease Belly Fat

 

It might seem hard to believe, but your digestive tract plays a big role in your metabolism and your body’s ability to burn belly fat.

 

And here again, research suggests that butyrate might help reduce that stubborn abdominal fat. Indeed, butyrate should be included as part of your weight loss regimen. Studies show that butyrate may decrease body fat percentage, increase insulin sensitivity, and boost metabolism to burn body fat.9

 

All of this, of course, can lead to weight loss.

 

Other Health Benefits of Viscera-3™

 

Research also indicates that the butyrate in Viscera-3:

 

  • Supports the immune system10
  • Has anti-inflammatory properties11
  • Soothes anxiety12
  • Reduces the risk of colon cancer13
  • And much more.

 

Natural Ingredients in Viscera-3

 

The main gut-healing ingredient in Viscera-3™ is TRIButyrate, a patented form of Tributyrin clinically proven to transport butyrate to your lower colon, where it’s needed to do its job. (Tributyrin is a triglyceride that the body converts into butyrate.14) But to create the ultimate gut health supplement, we included four other natural ingredients clinically proven to support the digestive system and provide many other health benefits. 

 

Viscera-3™ contains:

 

Magnesium

 

Magnesium is an essential mineral involved in more than 300 biochemical processes in the body including:15, 16, 17

 

  • Protein synthesis
  • Blood glucose control
  • Nerve and muscle function
  • Blood pressure regulation
  • Energy production
  • And more

 

And magnesium is especially important to your gut health because without magnesium your body can’t perform the mechanics of digestion or physically move food through the body. Magnesium is also crucial to make stomach acid and to make digestive enzymes and to repair and protect your digestive organs, including your esophagus, stomach, intestines, pancreas, and even your colon.18

 

To help soothe digestive issues and support overall health, Viscera-3™ contains TWO types of magnesium!

Chromium

 

Chromium is another mineral essential for gut health and bodily function. It has been clinically proven to have positive effects on your lower intestine and fat in and around your gut, and particularly for its ability to reduce the risk of obesity, improve weight loss, burn belly fat and therefore reduce gut size…all while reducing cravings for fat and carbs. 

 

One of the reasons for this effect is that chromium has been found to be highly effective at balancing blood sugar and insulin levels. A double-blind study done by the USDA found that when individuals being treated for type 2 diabetes were given chromium supplements, insulin and cholesterol levels decreased significantly. And this was without making any changes to their diet!19  

 

Chromium is also known to improve insulin function,20 the hormone critical to the metabolism and storage of carbs and fat throughout the body and especially in your gut.21 

Pomegranate Fruit Extract

Pomegranate fruit has only recently revealed its powerful anti-aging gut health secret to doctors from Switzerland. 

In a groundbreaking study, doctors found that when pomegranate extracts are digested by gut bacteria, it produces a compound that prolongs lifespan and improves exercise capacity.22 This compound is called Urolithin A, which research suggests may help old and worn-out cells in your body recycle themselves to create new youthful cells.23

So, pomegranate fruit extract may be a potent anti-aging supplement that can help put a youthful bounce in your step!

Grape Seed Extract

Lastly, grape seed extract supports your immune system, digestive health, and cognitive function. It may also provide other health benefits. 

For instance, grape seed extract or GSE has been found to help reduce blood pressure, particularly in those who are carrying excess weight.24, 25   

And just like the rest of the Viscera-3™ formulation…

GSE has been found to help support brain health as you age and to help keep your mind sharp and active. 

In one 12-week study in 111 healthy older adults, it was found that taking GSE daily improved attention, language, and skill proficiency, and memory function.26

Other studies have found that GSE may prevent memory loss, improve cognitive status and brain antioxidant levels all while reducing brain lesions and amyloid clusters.27

Viscera-3™: The Last and Only Slim Gut Health Supplement You’ll Ever Need!

As you’ve seen, the natural ingredients in Viscera-3™ may support digestive health, assist with weight loss, reverse the signs of aging, support the immune system, and reduce the risk of many diseases. 

Viscera-3™ has no known negative side effects, and there is no financial risk of trying it out. In fact, Viscera-3™ comes with a 100% money back guarantee. If you are not satisfied with this product for any reason, we will refund your money. No questions asked.

With a money back guarantee like this, you have nothing to lose except digestive health issues, belly fat, and risk of disease.

And you have a LOT to gain in a stronger immune system, reduced weight, slimmer belly, more youthful appearance…and more!

So, purchase Viscera-3™ today and you could be writing a glowing 5-star review like this one:

 

★★★★★

 

“Our whole family swears by Viscera-3™! We all suffer from various digestion issues and get sick way more than we should. This is exactly what we have been searching for. Truly a gift from God. 

 

Bless you Jonathan and the team for putting this together. Really is a lifesaver for our entire family. We all have more pep in our step these days. And family movie night is not nearly as stinky as it used to be!”

 

★★★★★

 

References

 

1- Bérdy J. Bioactive microbial metabolites [published correction appears in J Antibiot (Tokyo). 2005 Apr;58(4):C-1]. J Antibiot (Tokyo). 2005;58(1):1-26. doi:10.1038/ja.2005.1

 

2- National Institute of Health. Digestive Diseases Statistics for the United States. November 2014.

 

3- Zaleski A, Banaszkiewicz A, Walkowiak J. Butyric acid in irritable bowel syndrome. Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny. December 2013 8(6):350-353.

 

4- Zaleski A, Banaszkiewicz A, Walkowiak J. Butyric acid in irritable bowel syndrome. Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny. December 2013 8(6):350-353.

 

5- Bach Knudsen KE, Lærke HN, Hedemann MS, Nielsen TS, Ingerslev AK, Gundelund Nielsen DS, Theil PK, Purup S, Hald S, Schioldan AG, Marco ML, Gregersen S, Hermansen K. Impact of Diet-Modulated Butyrate Production on Intestinal Barrier Function and Inflammation. Nutrients. 2018; 10(10):1499.

 

6- De Preter V, Arijs I, Windey K, et al. Impaired butyrate oxidation in ulcerative colitis is due to decreased butyrate uptake and a defect in the oxidation pathway. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2012;18(6):1127-1136. doi:10.1002/ibd.21894

 

7- Hallert C, Björck I, Nyman M, Pousette A, Grännö C, Svensson H. Increasing fecal butyrate in ulcerative colitis patients by diet: controlled pilot study. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2003;9(2):116-121. doi:10.1097/00054725-200303000-00005.

 

8- Michielan A, D’Incà R. Intestinal Permeability in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Pathogenesis, Clinical Evaluation, and Therapy of Leaky Gut. Mediators Inflamm. 2015;2015:628157. doi:10.1155/2015/628157

 

9-Lin Zhang, Chudan Liu, Qingyan Jiang, Yulong Yin, Butyrate in Energy Metabolism: There Is Still More to Learn, Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism, Volume 32, Issue 3, 2021, Pages 159-169, ISSN 1043-2760, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tem.2020.12.003. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1043276020302526)

 

10- Kelly Cushing, David M Alvarado, Matthew A Ciorba. Butyrate and Mucosal Inflammation: New Scientific Evidence Supports Clinical Observation. Clin Transl Gastroenterol. 2015 Aug; 6(8): e108.

 

11- Zaleski, A, Banaszkiewicz A, and Walkowiak J. Butyric acid in irritable bowel syndrome. Prz Gastroenterol 8: 350-353, 2013.

 

12- Rao AV, Bested AC, Beaulne TM, Katzman MA, Iorio C, Berardi JM, Logan AC. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study of a probiotic in emotional symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome. Gut Pathog. 2009 Mar 19;1(1):6. doi: 10.1186/1757-4749-1-6. PMID: 19338686; PMCID: PMC2664325.

 

13- Segain J, de la Blétière DR, Bourreille A, et alButyrate inhibits inflammatory responses through NFκB inhibition: implications for Crohn’s diseaseGut 2000;47:397-403.

 

14- National Center for Biotechnology Information (2020). PubChem Compound Summary for CID 6050, Tributyrin. Retrieved September 9, 2020 from

 

15- Institute of Medicine (IOM). Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes: Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D and Fluorideexternal link disclaimer. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1997.

 

16- Rude RK. Magnesium. In: Coates PM, Betz JM, Blackman MR, Cragg GM, Levine M, Moss J, White JD, eds. Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Informa Healthcare; 2010:527-37.

 

17- Rude RK. Magnesium. In: Ross AC, Caballero B, Cousins RJ, Tucker KL, Ziegler TR, eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 11th ed. Baltimore, Mass: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2012:159-75.

 

18- 50- Ismail, A. A., & Ismail, N. A. (2016). Magnesium: A Mineral Essential for Health Yet Generally Underestimated or Even Ignored. Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences, 6(4). doi:10.4172/2155-9600.1000523

 

19- Anderson RA1, Cheng N, Bryden NA. Elevated intakes of supplemental chromium improve glucose and insulin variables in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes. 1997 Nov;46(11):1786-91.

 

20- Mertz W. Interaction of chromium with insulin: a progress report. Nutr Rev 1998;56:174-7.

 

21- Porte Jr. D, Sherwin RS, Baron A (editors). Ellengerg & Rifkin’s Diabetes Mellitus, 6th Edition. McGraw-Hill, New York, 2003.

 

22- Ryu D, Mouchiroud L, Andreux PA, Katsyuba E. Urolithin A induces mitophagy and prolongs lifespan in C. elegans and increases muscle function in rodents. Nat Med. 2016 Aug;22(8):879-88. doi: 10.1038/nm.4132. Epub 2016 Jul 11.

 

23- Tan S, Yu CY, Sim ZW, Low ZS, Lee B, See F, Min N, Gautam A, Chu JJH, Ng KW, Wong E. Pomegranate activates TFEB to promote autophagy-lysosomal fitness and mitophagy. Sci Rep. 2019 Jan 24;9(1):727. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-37400-1. PMID: 30679718; PMCID: PMC6346015.

 

24- Haili Zhang, MM,a Shuang Liu, MM,b Lan Li, BD,b Shisong Liu, BD. The impact of grape seed extract treatment on blood pressure changes A meta-analysis of 16 randomized controlled trials. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Aug; 95(33): e4247.

 

25- Park E, Edirisinghe I, Choy YY, Waterhouse A, Burton-Freeman B. Effects of grape seed extract beverage on blood pressure and metabolic indices in individuals with pre-hypertension: a randomised, double-blinded, two-arm, parallel, placebo-controlled trial. Br J Nutr. 2016 Jan 28;115(2):226-38.

 

26- Calapai G, Bonina F, Bonina A. A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Clinical Trial on Effects of a Vitis vinifera Extract on Cognitive Function in Healthy Older Adults. Front Pharmacol. 2017 Oct 31;8:776.

 

27- Sarkaki A, Rafieirad M, Hossini SE. Improvement in Memory and Brain Long-term Potentiation Deficits Due to Permanent Hypoperfusion/Ischemia by Grape Seed Extract in Rats. Iran J Basic Med Sci. 2013 Sep;16(9):1004-10.

Starvation Is NOT Healthy. Stop counting calories & go #SANE w/me at http://SANESolution.com

Simple Science: How Excess Insulin Makes Us Fat

“…obesity is impossible in the absence of adequate tissue concentrations of insulin.” – M. Goldberg, in Journal of the American Medical Association

In the last post we touched on how hormones control the metabolic conversation that determines if we are storing or burning body fat. Let’s now dig into the hormone insulin’s role in this conversation as it is known in scientific circles as, “The most important hormonal factor influencing lipogenesis [body fat creation].”

Insulin’s job is to get energy into cells. For example, after we eat lunch, our body digests it and then releases insulin to carry those freshly digested calories into our cells. Since insulin is activated only when we need to get fuel into our cells, our metabolism “hears” insulin in the bloodstream “communicating” that we have energy on its way to our cells and therefore do not need to use any stored energy—aka burn body fat. So the hormone insulin—not the calories we ate—blocks the burning of body fat. That point is extremely important.

“[Insulin signals an] abundance of [external] energy, [and]…fat breakdown is suppressed and its synthesis promoted…” – researcher G. Wilcox, Mepoundourne Pathology

Our metabolism does not decide to burn or store body fat based on calories. It makes these decisions based on the hormones those calories trigger. That is why the quality of calories matters so much. As we have already seen, higher-quality calories trigger body-fat-burning hormones while low-quality calories trigger body-fat-storing hormones.

“Fat is mobilized [burned] when insulin secretion diminishes.” – The American Medical Association

We can cut calories all day and will not burn body fat effectively if we are eating low-quality calories which trigger excess body-fat-storing hormones such as insulin. Why? Hormones like insulin remove our ability to burn body fat regardless of whether or not we need to according to calorie quantity. That is why scientists refer to the hormone insulin as the “principal regulator of fat metabolism.”

Here is the sad part. Calories from inSANE starch and sweets trigger the release of ridiculous amounts of insulin. All that insulin gets those inSANE starch and sweets’ calories into our cells, but then we still have insulin left over in our bloodstream. That excess insulin clogs us up and removes our ability to burn body fat.

Learn the exact foods you must eat if you want to finally lose weight permanently. Click here to download your free Weight Loss Food List, the “Eat More, Lose More” Weight Loss Plan, and the “Slim in 6” Cheat Sheet…CLICK HERE FOR FREE “HOW TO” WEIGHT LOSS GUIDES

Where the Average American Gets Calories

(Insulin-spiking starch and sweeteners make up 43% of what we eat)

“…obesity [is characterized by] defects in insulin action, whole-body insulin resistance, and hyperinsulinemia” – researcher D.A. York, Pennington Biomedical Research Center

Things go from bad to worse if this inSANEity keeps up for too long. Not only does all the excess insulin destroy our ability to burn body fat, it makes the metabolism resistant to insulin. How does this process work? Compare becoming resistant to the effects of insulin with becoming resistant to the effects of alcohol. When people drink alcohol in moderation, everything is fine. It takes relatively little alcohol to generate the desired effect, so people don’t drink too much of it. However, if people drink too much alcohol, they become resistant to alcohol’s effects. Then they have to drink more alcohol to get the desired effect. This volume of alcohol eventually destroys their liver and makes them gain body fat. This leaves heavy drinkers in an unfortunate place where they have become resistant to alcohol and have to drink an unhealthy amount of it to get the desired effect.

Similarly, when people eat mostly SANE foods and just a little inSANE starch and sweets, everything is fine. It takes little insulin to get energy into cells, so the body doesn’t produce too much of it. However, if people eat mostly starch and sweets, their bodies become resistant to insulin’s effects. Then their body has to produce more insulin to get energy into cells. This volume of insulin eventually destroys their pancreas and makes them gain body fat.

“Foods made from wheat flour account for about 20% of the calories in the American diet…” –Marion Nestle, New York University

Even more unfortunate, at least one in four Americans are insulin resistant. All this excess insulin forms the backbone of the hormonal dysfunction causing us to gain fat. Not only does it crush our ability to burn body fat, it also increases the rate at which we store body fat because excess insulin preferentially puts calories into our fat tissue. This happens because no matter how resistant other tissues become to insulin, our fat tissue is always receptive. And while that is technically good because it keeps insulin resistance from killing us, it can crush any dreams of losing weight. We end up with more body fat and no ability to burn it. This sad state is know as internal starvation and will be the subject of the next post.


  1. American Medical Association Council on Foods and Nutrition. A critique of low-carbohydrate ketogenic weight reduction regimens. A review of Dr. Atkins’ diet revolution. JAMA. 1973 Jun 4;224(10):1415-9. PubMed PMID: 4739993.
  2. “Diabetes mellitus.” Belinda Rowland., Teresa G. Odle., and Tish Davidson, A. M. The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. Ed. Laurie Fundukian. 3rd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2009. 4 vols.
  3. Blüher M, Michael MD, Peroni OD, Ueki K, Carter N, Kahn BB, Kahn CR. Adipose tissue selective insulin receptor knockout protects against obesity and obesity-related glucose intolerance. Dev Cell. 2002 Jul;3(1):25-38. PubMed PMID: 12110165.
  4. Cordain, Loren, and Joe Friel. The Paleo Diet for Athletes: A Nutritional Formula for Peak Athletic Performance. Emmaus, Pa.: Rodale Books, 2005. Print.
  5. E.A. Newsholme and C. Start. Regulation of Metabolism. 173 ISBN: 0471635308
  6. Flatt, Jen-Pierre. Tremblay, Angelo. Energy Expenditure and Substrate Oxidation. In: Bray GA, Couchard d, James WP, eds. Handbook of Obesity. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1997: 513-538.
  7. Goldberg M, Gordon E. Energy Metabolism In Human Obesity. Plasma Free Fatty Acid, Glucose, And Glycerol Response To Epinephrine. JAMA. 1964 Aug 24;189:616-23. PubMed PMID: 14162576.-
  8. Havel PJ. Update on adipocyte hormones: regulation of energy balance and carbohydrate/lipid metabolism. Diabetes. 2004 Feb;53 Suppl 1:S143-51. Review. PubMed PMID: 14749280.
  9. Ludwig DS. The glycemic index: physiological mechanisms relating to obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. JAMA. 2002 May 8;287(18):2414-23. Review. PubMed PMID: 11988062.
  10. Newsholme, E. A., and C. Start. Regulation in metabolism . London: Wiley, 1973. Print.
  11. Obesity and leanness. Basic aspects. Stock, M., Rothwell, N., Author Affiliation: Dep. Physiology, St. George’s Hospital Medical School, London Univ., London, UK.
  12. Schenk S, Saberi M, Olefsky JM. Insulin sensitivity: modulation by nutrients and inflammation. J Clin Invest. 2008 Sep;118(9):2992-3002. Review. PubMed PMID: 18769626; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2522344.
  13. Whitehead, Saffron A.; Nussey, Stephen (2001). Endocrinology: an integrated approach. Oxford: BIOS. pp. 122. ISBN 1-85996-252-1.
  14. Wilcox G. Insulin and insulin resistance. Clin Biochem Rev. 2005 May;26(2):19-39. PubMed PMID: 16278749; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1204764.
  15. York DA, Bray GA. Dependence of hypothalamic obesity on insulin, the pituitary and the adrenal gland. Endocrinology. 1972 Apr;90(4):885-94. PubMed PMID:4258778.
  16. York DA, Hansen B. Animal models of obesity. In: Bray GA, Couchard d, James WP, eds. Handbook of Obesity. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1997: 191-221
Learn the exact foods you must eat if you want to finally lose weight permanently. Click here to download your free Weight Loss Food List, the “Eat More, Lose More” Weight Loss Plan, and the “Slim in 6” Cheat Sheet…CLICK HERE FOR FREE “HOW TO” WEIGHT LOSS GUIDES