NEWS: This superfood is now available in the SANEStore as a convenient whole-food powder so you can more easily enjoy it in smoothies and recipes.
Hemp seed has grown in popularity in the United States since the early ’90s, but it may surprise many to know that this ancient food can be traced back thousands of years to Chinese, Egyptian, Persian and other cultures, where it was a highly revered food source.
It is clear from its discussions in ancient texts (like China’s agricultural treatise, the Xia Xiao Zheng, from the 16th century BC) that hemp was once highly valued. Today, however, the nutritional makeup of hemp, described by some experts as a “superfood,” is often overlooked in favor of other plant foods. But hemp seeds are in fact ripe with an impressive nutritional profile.
The seeds can be eaten raw, ground into a meal, made into hemp milk (similar to soy or almond milk), prepared as tea and used in baking. Hemp seed is a highly nutritious source of protein, better tasting and more digestible than the soybean. Hemp seeds are also free of the common allergens associated with soy, dairy, gluten and tree-nuts.
Rich in protein and delicious by the spoonful organic raw hemp seeds are chock full of nutrition. In fact, hemp seeds are one of the world’s most nutritious seeds. They are high in vitamin E and contain all the essential amino acids and essential fatty acids necessary to maintain healthy human life. Adding to the benefit, hemp seed is one of only a few sources of beneficial gamma linolenic acid (GLA) and stearidonic acid (SDA). It has a balanced ratio of omega 3 to 6 fats at around a three to one ratio.
Protein: Hemp is about 33 percent protein, in an easily digestible form that contains 10 essential amino acids. This high protein content is comparable to that in soy, and higher than is found in nuts, other seeds, dairy products, meat, fish or poultry. Many people noted their personal experience of finding that hemp seed protein did not cause bloating or gas, like some other protein shakes did.
Fiber: Hemp seed flour has a fiber content of 40 percent, which is the highest of all flour grains.
Trace Minerals and Antioxidants: Along with the protein, essential fatty acids and fiber, hemp seed is also rich in antioxidants, such as vitamin E, and minerals, including magnesium, iron and zinc.
- All 20 amino acids, including the 9 essential amino acids (EAAs) our bodies cannot produce.
- Eating hemp seeds in any form could aid, if not heal, people suffering from immune deficiency diseases. This conclusion is supported by the fact that hemp seed has been used to treat nutritional deficiencies brought on by tuberculosis, a severe nutrition blocking disease that causes the body to waste away.
- A superior vegetarian source of protein considered easily digestible.
- A rich source of phytonutrients, the disease-protective element of plants with benefits protecting your immunity, bloodstream, tissues, cells, skin, organs & mitochondria.
- The richest known source of polyunsaturated essential fatty acids
1. “Industrial Hemp”. Agriculture and Agrifood Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
2. “Erowid Cannabis Vault : Culture #2”. www.erowid.org. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
3. “Michael Karus: European Hemp Industry 2002 Cultivation, Processing and Product Lines. Journal of Industrial Hemp Volume 9 Issue 2 2004, Taylor & Francis, London”. Informaworld.com. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
4. “Vote Industrial Hemp”. http://www.voteindustrialhemp.com/. Retrieved 2007-01-23.
5. “America’s First Hemp Drink – Chronic Ice – Making a Splash in the Natural Beverage Market”. San Francisco Chronicle (Los Angeles). Vocus. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2011. “Chronic Ice, the nation’s first drink containing hemp, is making a splash in the healthy beverage market.”
6. “Living Harvest – The Official Website & Online Store – Hemp Seed Nutrition – Unearthing the Benefits of Hemp Seed”. www.worldpantry.com. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
8. “Special Report”. CNBC.
9. Lan, Melody (2009-01-17). “Edible, Affordable Indulgences for 2009”. The Wall Street Journal.
10. “Wilde Country Rancho Hemp Products”. Wcranchohemp.com. Retrieved 2011-11-30.
11. Callaway, J. C. (2004-01-01). “Hempseed as a nutritional resource: An overview”. Euphytica (Kluwer Academic Publishers) 140 (1-2): 65–72. doi:10.1007/s10681-004-4811-6. Retrieved 2013-03-13.
13. “CRRH, Archaeologists agree that cannabis was among the first crops cultivated by human beings at least over 6,000 years ago, and perhaps more than 12,000 years ago”. Crrh.org. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
14. “Online Etymology Dictionary”. Etymonline.com. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
15. “Green bedrooms and more: Healthy fabrics for the home”. The Ottawa Citizen. 2008-04-10.
16. Cronin, Mary Elizabeth (1995-02-11). “Hemp fashions are clean, comfy, and legal”. The Free Lance-Star.
17. NNFCC. “NNFCC Project Factsheet: Guide to Building with Hemp-Lime Composites, NNFCC 07-001”, “National Non-Food Crops Centre”, Retrieved on 16 Feb 2011.
18. Isabelle, Ceyte (2008) (in French). Etat,acteurs privés et innovation dans le domaine des matériaux de construction écologiques : Le développement du béton de chanvre depuis 1986 (MASTER – Politiques publiques et gouvernements comparés thesis). ‘Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Lyon.http://doc.sciencespo-lyon.fr/Ressources/Documents/Etudiants/Memoires/Cyberdocs/Masters/PPGC/ceyte_i/memoire.pdf.
19. “The Haverhill Hemp Houses”. bre.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
20. “Modece Architects”. modece.com. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
21. “The NNFCC Renewable House”. Renewable-house.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-04-20. 22. USA Today. 2010-09-12http://content.usatoday.com/communities/greenhouse/post/2010/09/hemp-houses-built-asheville/1 |url= missing title (help).
23. “Hemp Architecture”. Hemp Architecture. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
24. Thermoformable Composite Panels. Composites World. 2006.
25. Plastics (hemp.com)
26. Lotus announces hemp-based Eco Elise: a new type of ‘green’ car (transport20.com)
28. “Cai Lun Improved the Papermaking Technology”. chinaculture.org.
29. A brief history of the St. Petersburg Paper Mill of Goznak (www.goznak.spb.ru)
30. Dewey and Merrill, U.S.D.A. Bulletin No. 404, Hemp Hurds as Paper-Making Material, Washington, D.C., October 14, 1916. Page 25
31. “The Project Gutenberg eBook of Hemp Hurds as Paper-Making Material, by Lyster H. Dewey and Jason L. Merrill”. Gutenberg.org. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
32. “Hayo M.G. van der Werf : Hemp facts and hemp fiction”. Hempfood.com. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
34. “David P. West: Fiber Wars: The Extinction of Kentucky Hemp”. Gametec.com. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
35. “Additional Statement of H.J. Anslinger, Commissioner of Narcotics”. Retrieved 2006-03-25.
36. “Valerie L. Vantreese:INDUSTRIAL HEMP:GLOBAL OPERATIONS, LOCAL IMPLICATIONS, Department of Agricultural Economics University of Kentucky, 1998” (PDF). Retrieved 2011-04-20.
37. “Michael Karus:European hemp industry 2001 till 2004: Cultivation, raw materials, products and trends, 2005” (PDF). Retrieved 2011-04-20.
38. “Steam energy:Hemp Pulp & Paper Production, January 1st 1994”. Hempline.com. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
39. Van Roekel, Gerjan J. (1994). “Hemp Pulp and Paper Production”. Journal of the International Hemp Association (Wageningen, The Netherlands).
40. Anatomy of a Modern Paper Mill, Faculty of Natural Resources Management, Lakehead University
41. Boise: Nonwood Alternatives to Wood Fiber in Paper
42. Ivan Bócsa, Michael Karus, Daike Lohmeyer: The cultivation of hemp. Botany, varieties, cultivation and harvesting, markets and product lines. 2 support, agricultural Verlag GmbH, Münster 2000th
43. Michael Carus et al.. Study of market and competition for natural fibers and natural fiber materials (Germany and EU) trade talks Gülzower 26, ed. of the Agency of Renewable Resources, Gülzow 2008 Download nova-Institut (ed.): The small hemp-Lexikon Verlag The Workshop, Göttingen, 2. Edition, 2003, page 79 ISBN 3-89533-271-2
44. Schubert, Pit. “Our ropes are much stronger than we believe”. Union Internationale Des Associations D’Alpinisme. Archived from the original on September 27, 2009.
45. NNFCC. In the US, pet manufacturers use hemp in dog and cat bedding. “Crop Factsheet: Hemp”, National Non-Food Crops Centre, 2008-06-09. Retrieved on 2009-05-06
46. “Phytoremediation: Using Plants to Clean Soil”. Mhhe.com. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
47. “Hemp As Weed Control”. www.gametec.com. Retrieved 2008-07-09.
48. “COOLFUEL Episode: Sugarcane and Hempoline”. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
49. “Clean Energy Solutions”. Hemp 4 Fuel. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
50. “Pollution: Petrol vs. Hemp”. Hempcar.org. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
51. “Biofuels Facts”. Hempcar.org. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
52. Increased biogas production at the Henriksdals Waste Water plant, Cajsa Hellstedt et. all, June 2010
53. Hemp Cultivation (www.green.net.au)
54. Luginbuhl, April M. (2001). “Industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L): The geography of a controversial plant”. The California Geographer (pdf) 41. California Geographical Society. pp. 1–14. Retrieved 2013-03-28. “The best growing tech¬nique for hemp, planting 300 to 500 plants per square meter, also helps authorities easily tell the hemp from marijuana, which is a plant that is less densely cultivated (Roulac 1997; 149).” Unknown parameter |description= ignored (help)
56. List of Hemp Varieties (www.ble.de)
57. Frank Waskow (1995), Katalyse-Institut für Angewandte Umweltforschung, ed. (in German), Hanf & Co.: die Renaissance der heimischen Faserpflanzen, Göttingen: Verlag Die Werkstatt, pp. 45, ISBN 3-89533-138-4
58. Datwyler SL, Weiblen GD. Genetic Variation in Hemp and marijuana (Cannabis sativa L.) sativa plants are taller and less dense. Indica plants are shorter but a lot more dense than sativas. According to Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms. Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2006; 51(2):371-375. doi:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00061.x
59. Hemp and Marijuana: Myths & Realities written by David P. West, Ph.D. for the North American Industrial Hemp Council
62. “FAQs & Facts: Facts”. Resources: Education. The HIA. Retrieved 2008-07-05.
63. “HIA: Resources: Education: FAQs & Facts: FAQs: Answers”. www.thehia.org. Retrieved 2008-07-05.
64. “D. Risula, and others, Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture, October 2009”. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
65. “Hemp vs. Marijuana”. azhemp.org. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
66. Hemp Facts (www.thehia.org)
67. a b Agriculture in the European Union, Statistical and Economic Information 2011, European Union Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development, page 283
68. “Growing Industrial Hemp in Ontario, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, Canada, 2008”. ON, CA: Omafra. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
69. Graeme Thomas. “Natural Fibers: Hemp Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2009”. Naturalfibres2009.org. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
70. “Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances (Industrial Hemp) Regulations 2008” (PDF). www.dms.dpc.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
71. “Guidelines for engaging in the commercial production of industrial hemp in Queensland”. dpi.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 2008-11-24.[dead link]
72. “Drugs Misuse Act 1986” (PDF). www.legislation.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
73. “Opportunities to engage in commercial low THC hemp fibre and seed production in NSW”. www.dpi.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
74. “Hemp Industry Regulation 2008”. legislation.nsw.gov.a. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
75. “Government of Alberta: Industrial Hemp Production in Canada, February 2, 2010”. .agric.gov.ab.ca. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
76. “Canada’s legal hemp industry growin, CBC News, November 5, 2012”. .cbc.ca. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
77. Jordbruksverket: 2.1–2.3, 2.5 Marknadssituationen för spannmål, oljeväxter, proteingrödor, ris,2011-03-10,(Swedish Board of Agriculture, Report from an expert group in the European Union about the market situation for a number of agricultural products. Published only in Swedish)
78. Colorado Amendment 64
79. “North Dakota Case”. Votehemp.com. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
80. “75th Oregon Legislative Assembly — 2009 Regular Session Senate Bill 676”. Leg.state.or.us. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
81. “Hemp, hemp, hooray: Bill aims to aid farmers with new but controversial crop”. Minnesotaindependent.com. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
82. a b c Stafford, Peter (1992). Psychedelics Encyclopedia. Berkeley, CA, USA: Ronin Publishing. ISBN 0-914171-51-8.
83. “Information paper on industrial hemp (industrial cannabis)”. www2.dpi.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2008-07-23. Retrieved 2008-07-05.
84. “Hemp Facts”. Naihc.org. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
85. “The cultivation and use of hemp in ancient China”. Hempfood.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-29. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
86. Barber, E. J. W. (1992). Prehistoric Textiles: The Development of Cloth in the Neolithic and Bronze Ages with Special Reference to the Aegean. Princeton University Press. p. 17.
87. Herodotus. Histories IV. 73–75.
88. Barber, E. J. W. (1992). Prehistoric Textiles: The Development of Cloth in the Neolithic and Bronze Ages with Special Reference to the Aegean. Princeton University Press. p. 18.
89. Barber (1992). p. 19.
90. Regional Cuisines of Medieval Europe: A Book of Essays (2002), edited by Melitta Weiss Adamson ISBN 0-415-92994-6 pg. 98, 166
91. “Feasibility of Industrial Hemp Production in the United States Pacific Northwest, SB681”. extension.oregonstate.edu. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
92. Gabriel Archer, A Relatyon of the Discoverie of Our River…, printed in Archaeologia Americana 1860, p. 44. William Strachey (1612) records a native (Powhatan) name for hemp (weihkippeis).
93. Proceedings of the Virginia Assembly, 1619, cf. the 1633 Act: Hening’s Statutes at Large, p. 218
94. James F. Hopkins, “Slavery in the Hemp Industry”, Drug Library
95. French, Laurence; Manzanárez, Magdaleno (2004). NAFTA & neocolonialism: comparative criminal, human & social justice. University Press of America. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-7618-2890-7.
96. Earlywine, 2005: p. 24
97. Peet, 2004: p. 55
98. Sterling Evans (2007). Bound in twine: the history and ecology of the henequen-wheat complex for Mexico and the American and Canadian Plains, 1880–1950. Texas A&M University Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-58544-596-7.
99. Evans, Sterling, ed. (2006). The borderlands of the American and Canadian Wests: essays on regional history of the forty-ninth parallel. University of Nebraska Press. p. 199. ISBN 978-0-8032-1826-0.
100. Gerber, Rudolph Joseph (2004). Legalizing marijuana: drug policy reform and prohibition politics. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-275-97448-0.
101. Earleywine, Mitchell (2005). Understanding marijuana: a new look at the scientific evidence. Oxford University Press. p. 231. ISBN 978-0-19-518295-8.
102. Robinson, Matthew B & Scherlen, Renee G (2007). Lies, damned lies, and drug war statistics: a critical analysis of claims made by the office of National Drug Control Policy. SUNY Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-7914-6975-0.
103. Rowe, Thomas C (2006). Federal narcotics laws and the war on drugs: money down a rat hole. Psychology Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-7890-2808-2.
104. Sullivan, Larry E et al, ed. (2005). Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement: Federal. SAGE. p. 747. ISBN 978-0-7619-2649-8.
105. Lusane, Clarence (1991). Pipe dream blues: racism and the war on drugs. South End Press. pp. 37–8. ISBN 978-0-89608-410-0.
106. Plant Wizards Fight Wartime Drug Peril (September). 1943. pp. 62–63.
107. New Fossil Evidence for the Past Cultivation and Processing of Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in Eastern England Author(s): R. H. W. Bradshaw, P. Coxon, J. R. A. Greig, A. R. Hall Source: New Phytologist, Vol. 89, No. 3 (Nov., 1981), pp. 503-510 Published by: Blackwell Publishing on behalf of the New Phytologist Trust Accessed: 06/07/2009
108. “Dr. Ivan BÛcsa, GATE Agricultural Research Institute, Kompolt – Hungary, Book Review Re-discovery of the Crop Plant Cannabis Marihuana Hemp (Die Wiederentdeckung der Nutzplanze Cannabis Marihuana Hanf)”. Hempfood.com. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
109. “Hemp research and growing in Ukraine”. Aginukraine.com. 2002-01-06. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
110. Hemp will help Ukraine to grow wealthy (Russian)
111. Interview with Dr. V. G. Virovets, the head of the Hemp Breeding Department at the Institute of Bast Crops (1998) (English)
112. Yuka Hayashi (2009-03-04). “In Drug-Leery Japan, Arrests for Marijuana Are on the Rise”. Wall Street Journal.